Unluckily, man did not accord due recognition to woman and in course of time, her sentiments, emotions and contribution to the society have been given lower place due to their physical weakness in comparison of masculinity. In many prehistoric cultures, women assumed a particular cultural role. In hunter-gatherer societies, women were generally the gatherers of plant foods, small animal foods, fish, and learned to use dairy products, while men hunted meat from large animals. In more recent history, the gender roles of women have changed greatly. Traditionally, middle-class women were typically involved in domestic tasks emphasizing child care. For poorer women, especially working class women, although this often remained an ideal, economic necessity compelled them to seek employment outside the home. As and when opportunities struck, women excelled and sometime, took over greater responsibilities but to sum up, the most of the female time had been limited within the four corners of a house to make that a sweet home.
As changes in the labor market for women came about, availability of employment changed from only “dirty”, long-hour factory jobs to “cleaner”, more respectable office jobs where more education was demanded, women’s participation in the U.S. labor force rose from 6% in 1900 to 23% in 1923 and that is going up gradually. These shifts in the labor force led to changes in the attitudes of women at work, allowing for the revolution which resulted in women becoming career and education oriented.
Movements advocate equality of opportunity for both sexes and equal rights irrespective of gender. Through a combination of economic changes women in most societies now have access even to those careers which were so far considered fit for men only. The gender gap world over has been reduced over the last 30 years. Younger women today are far more likely to have completed a primary qualification: In 19 of the 30 OECD countries, more than twice as many women aged 25 to 34 have completed the primary education than women age 55 to 64 do. In 21 of 27 OECD countries with comparable data, the number of women graduating from university-level courses is equal to or exceeds that of men. 15-year-old girls tend to show much higher expectations for their careers than boys of the same age. While women account for more than half of university graduates in several OECD countries, they receive only 30% of degrees granted in science and engineering fields, and women account for only 25% to 35% of researchers in most OECD countries.
To ensure equal rights, equal opportunities and progress for all, we must make sufficient efforts so that the female section of the society may get the due at the soonest. If women didn’t exist, all the pleasures in the world would have no meaning. Matthew Prior says:
Be Happy – Woman is The Better Half of the World.